Build A Kit
None of us know when or where disaster will strike, but we can be ready, resilient, and safe during emergencies by preparing ourselves and our families. Here are some basic items to put into your emergency kit. Consider specialty items you or a family member may also require.

Make a Plan  -  Build A Kit  -  Get Involved 

Home Emergency Kit

  • Water - one gallon per person, per day
  • Nonperishable Food - 3-day supply, canned goods, energy bars, per person
  • Flashlight - and extra batteries
  • Radio - battery-powered, have extra batteries on hand
  • First Aid Kit - bandages, antiseptic, ointment, gloves, gauze
  • Tools - pliers, whistle - to signal for help, can opener for canned goods
  • Hygiene Basics - toilet paper, soap, hand sanitizer, garbage for sanitation
  • Documents - copies of social security cards, insurance info, prescription lists, phone numbers
  • Clothes - one set for each person, including sturdy shoes
  • Money - cash or traveler’s checks


Vehicle Emergency Kit

Keep a vehicle emergency kit in your car in case you are in your vehicle when an emergency occurs, or you find yourself stranded. This kit should include items like these:

  • a shovel
  • windshield scraper and small broom
  • flashlight with extra batteries
  • battery-powered radio
  • water
  • snack foods, including energy bars
  • matches and small candles
  • extra hats, socks, and mittens
  • First aid kit with a pocket knife
  • Necessary medications
  • blankets or sleeping bag
  • tow chain or rope
  • road salt, sand, or cat litter for traction
  • booster cables
  • emergency flares and reflectors
  • fluorescent distress flag and whistle to attract attention
  • Cell phone adapter to plug into lighter

Survival tips:

  • Gas, keep half-full: Prepare your vehicle by making sure you keep your gas tank at least half full.
  • Be easy to find: Tell someone where you are going and the route you will take.
  • If stuck: Tie a florescent or brightly colored flag (from your kit) on your antenna or hang it out the window. At night, keep your dome light on. Rescue crews can see a small glow at a distance. To reduce battery drain, use emergency flashers only if you hear approaching vehicles. If you're with someone else, make sure at least one person is awake and keeping watch for help at all times.
  • Stay in your vehicle: Walking in a storm can be very dangerous. You might become lost or exhausted. Your vehicle is a good shelter.
  • Avoid Overexertion: Shoveling snow or pushing your car takes a lot of effort in storm conditions. Don't risk a heart attack or injury. That work can also make you hot and sweaty. Wet clothing loses insulation value, making you susceptible to hypothermia.
  • Fresh Air: It's better to be cold and awake than comfortably warm and sleepy. Snow can plug your vehicle's exhaust system and cause deadly carbon monoxide gas to enter your car. Only run the engine for 10 minutes an hour and make sure the exhaust pipe is free of snow. Keeping a window open a crack while running the engine is also a good idea.
  • Don't expect to be comfortable: You want to survive until you're found.
  • More tips on planning for winter storms.